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Traditional and local knowledge

Traditional and local knowledge refers to the knowledge, innovations, and practices developed by indigenous peoples, and by local communities, over generations. This knowledge is often closely tied to local ecosystems and can provide valuable insights into the biodiversity of an area, as well as the management and conservation of natural resources. 

By providing alternative visions, indigenous peoples are creating transitions towards more equitable and sustainable futures.  However, indigenous knowledge is steadily eroding due to numerous external and internal threats, including the loss of lands and territory, development aggression and militarization, discrimination, and commercial misappropriation. 

This project is designed to combat the threats to the continued practice and transmission of indigenous knowledge, by working at the global, national, and local levels simultaneously and engaging with indigenous peoples’ organisations. 

A woman sits at a table with children to teach them Hmong patterns
Children learn how to make traditional Hmong patterns in Thailand. Photo by IMPECT

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Introducing a New Resource for Community-Based Biodiversity Monitoring

Originally published on   In the face of escalating biodiversity loss and the urgent need for sustainable conservation practices, the role of Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPs & LCs) has never been more critical. To ensure that their actions are recognised and supported…

Project Update April 2024

This Project Update, published in April 2024, brings together updates from the Transformative Pathways partners on their key activities and work undertaken since the start of the project in 2022.   Capacity building sessions on biodiversity monitoring have been a key part of the first phase…

Planting trees for the restoration of headwater and streams in a Pgakenyaw community

Thailand is located in the tropical rain forest. So, in the past, there were forest resources and highly abundant biological diversity. Then, the Thai government started to think about selling wood to generate income for country development.  The Department of Forestry was set up on…

Good breath with having a forest

We have all heard stories about the umbilical forest. Right? Maybe I’ve never even heard of it; maybe I’ve heard of it, but I don’t know the true meaning, or I don’t know the depth of what the word umbilical forest is, and I am…

Introduction to community-based environmental monitoring: practical guidance for monitoring of natural resources by Indigenous Peoples and local communities.

This guide is for the local organisations working with communities (e.g. community-based organisations and local non-governmental organisations), which are facilitating Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPs and LCs) to design and implement environmental and biodiversity monitoring activities on their lands. The guide includes approaches and…

Community-Based Monitoring and Information Systems in the Philippines 

Resource inventory in Ibaloy ancestral land claims  Residents of Sitio Muyot, Barangay Happy Hollow in Baguio City, conducted a resource inventory within the forested areas of their Ibaloy ancestral land claims last December 2023 and continued in March 2024, with the support of the Philippine…

Further info

Dominant values and worldviews lead the youth away from indigenous knowledge that has traditionally been linked to the land and its resources and passed down by the elders to the new generations. Some elders themselves are reluctant to pass on their knowledge, surrendering to the idea of formal education as the single path towards paid employment and family support. These underlying causes endanger the continued practice and transmission of indigenous knowledge.  

This project is designed to combat this, by working at the global, national, and local levels simultaneously and engaging with indigenous peoples’ organisations to impact both the structures of biodiversity planning and monitoring, to introduce improved local knowledge and monitoring data into the monitoring of success, and to support local processes of knowledge valuing, transmission and retention. 

There is a need to develop the capacity of the target groups to strengthen indigenous wisdom and to promote and transmit this so that indigenous peoples’ contributions to biodiversity conservation and sustainable use are appreciated and recognized.  

The barriers to better recognition and support for indigenous peoples’ cultures, knowledges, and land and resource management systems are varied and nationally specific and will be addressed through nationally designed programmes of work. 

Indigenous youth dancing at a festival in Peru
Students dance at Nugkui festival in Boca Chinganaza, Peru. Photo by Evaristo Pujupat/GTANW