Skip to main content

Sustainable livelihoods

Sustainable livelihoods build on Indigenous Peoples’ deep and long-term relationships with their lands and waters, and embody values, knowledge systems and sustainable practices that conserve biodiversity. Based on systems of customary sustainable use stretching back generations, these livelihoods patterns evolve and develop responding to changing conditions.   

This project partners with communities and peoples to revitalize and innovate ecosystem-based livelihood options supporting long-term sustainable use and conservation of territories and resources, community health and family well-being.  

Ogiek women engage in basketry. Bamboo baskets replace use of plastic materials in Chepkitale. Photo by Dickence/CIPDP

Dashed line



Local artists perform “moomi olee kerkeey kooreenyoo”, a song about the splendor

Conservation through application of traditional practices and indigenous knowledge

Indigenous communities are perhaps the only groups of people in Africa who still maintain their traditional values and culture. Often, their way of life is dictated by their environment and available natural resources, and to live in harmony with nature, they have to develope ways…
Demonstration on quadrat method of data collection

Community Based Biodiversity monitoring

ICCS training on biodiversity monitoring methods The Interdisciplinary Centre For Conservation Science (ICCS) is a research group based in the Department of Biology, University of Oxford. Through research and collaboration across the world, the ICCS and its fellows work at the interface of social and…
Wampis woman planting taricaya eggs, in the Puerto Juan Indigenous Community.

Recovering aquatic turtles in the Kankaim Basin, Morona

The taricaya and the charapa are the two most important species of aquatic turtles due to the contribution of their eggs and meat in the diet of the local population, as well as a source of economic income from the commercialisation of these natural products.…

Processes promoted in the family

In June 2022, we began the implementation of the Transformative Pathways project, which works to support Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities to lead and scale up conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. These actions will also serve to conserve and protect the natural environments where…
Fiorella (37) and her daughter Yuliana (9) select the best cedar seeds that they store to reforest the edge of their plots.

“Inside the forest instead of planting, trees are being cut down”.

Fiorella Lopez Manchari is a 37-year-old Yanesha woman who lives in Unión de la Selva, Peru. Fiorella grew up with her grandmother until the age of seven when she had to migrate to Lima to work.   "All my life I have always liked to generate…

Showcase on Indigenous contributions to biodiversity conservation

Transformative Pathways website launches The Transformative Pathways website, launched on the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples 2023, is a platform to evidence indigenous peoples and local communities’ work safeguarding biodiversity across the globe. The website is a repository of information to ensure that…

Further info

This work is critical because in too many countries, governments fail to provide the policy and legal frameworks needed to allow customary sustainable use patterns to thrive and fail to provide for modest but vital monetary income in rural and remote communities.  

Sustainable livelihood initiatives supported by this project aim to build on traditional practices and support indigenous communities to develop income-generating activities which may include ecotourism, sustainable agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and production of artisanal crafts. 

Sustainable livelihoods are important for maintaining cultural and ecological diversity, reducing poverty, and promoting equitable and inclusive development. However, their success often depends on the recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights, particularly to lands, territories and resources, and their full participation in decision-making processes, as well as government recognition or and support for the continuity and resilience of traditional occupations. 

two women dying material in blue buckets
Traditional dyeing techniques with Dharma at Huai E Kang, Thailand. Photo by Sunaree/PASD